The equipment needed for rounders consists of:-
- a truncheon shaped rounders bat
- a rounders ball
- 4 posts set out in a diamond shape.
The pitch features a bowler's square (2.5m) which is 7.5m from the batter's square (2m). 1 metre behind the batter's square the Backstop line should be marked. The four posts are positioned around the bowler's square as shown in the diagram (black lines show lines that should be marked; green lines are for measuring only).
Of course, if you are just playing in the park or your garden, exact dimensions don't matter and shrubberies and flower beds may come into play...
For a decent game, each team should have at least 6 people, so that when fielding, a person can stand next to each post in addition to the bowler and the backstop.
Each team has two innings (giliran) with all people in the team having a go at batting. The innings is over when all the batting players are either out or at a base so that there is no-one left to face the next ball.
One, by one, the batters line up to take their turn in the batting square. The bowler throws the ball towards the batter.
Bowling and No-Balls
The bowler must bowl a ball towards the batter so that:
- it is thrown with a smooth underarm action
- the ball arrives without bouncing and within the batters square
- the ball is above the batter's knee, below the batter's head, and not at the batter's body
- the bowler's feet are inside the bowler's square when the ball is bowled
otherwise a 'no-ball' is called.
A batter can attempt to hit a no-ball and can run on a no-ball, if desired whether the ball is hit or not, but cannot return once first post is reached. If two consecutive no-balls are bowled to the same batter, the batter scores a half-rounder.
- The batter gets one chance to hit the ball (ignoring no-balls) and must run even if the ball is not struck.
- If the ball is hit behind the batting square or not hit at all, the batter may can only run to first base.
- Otherwise, the batter runs around as many of the bases as possible and stops at a post only when the batter thinks there is a danger of the next post being 'stumped'.
The batter is out if:
- the batter hits the ball and it is caught without first hitting the ground
- the post being run to is 'stumped' - a fielder touches it with the ball
- the batter loses contact with a post when the bowler has the ball inside the bowler's square
- the batter overtakes a fellow batter when running around the posts.
- while not running between posts, the batter obstructs a fielder
- the batter's foot is outside the batter's square when the ball is bowled
A score is immediately posted in the following situations:
- If the batter hits the ball or is bowled a no ball and then reaches the fourth post, a rounder is scored.
- If the batter fails to hit the ball and reaches the fourth post, a half-rounder is scored.
- If the batter hits the ball and reaches the second post, a half-rounder is scored.
- A fielder obstructs a batter running to a post, a half-rounder is scored.
If the batter hits the ball and reaches the first, second or third post without being out, the batter stays at that post (and must keep in contact with it) until the next ball is bowled. As soon as the ball leaves the bowler's hand, such a batter can run to the next post, if they wish, even if a no-ball is called.
If the batter does not keep contact with the post, the fielding side can stump the next post to get the player out. 2 batters cannot be at the same post so a batter must run on to the next post if the next batter catches up with them.
Once the fourth post is reached, the person goes to the back of the batter's line and awaits their next turn to bat.
After both sides have played both innings, the side with the most rounders wins.Source: here